The latest survey conducted across eminent Corporate Companies in India claimed maximum absenteeism of the employees in the monsoon period- that lasts for about four months. Because of this uncertainty, the company will have to bear losses that can change the nature of the businesses and get into trouble.
However, Corporates, have you tried to find out what exactly the reasons could be? Viral fever, infections, severe cold? Well, no, it’s the pathogens that are causing disruption to the employee well-being.
Come let us find out the reasons how pathogens find a path to human bodies and how they largely affect health issues.
Pathogens, commonly known as bacteria and virus is accessible to the human bodies through various passages. Although, skin grants a better protection against the entry of pathogens, organs like eyes, nose, mouth, ears and open wounds are vulnerable areas.
It is important to remember that the body has many natural defenses to prevent pathogens entering the body, such as blood clotting at wounds, and enzymes in the eyes, nose, and mouth that break down harmful bacterias.
The diseases caused by pathogens are Dengue, Chickungunya, Malaria, H1N1, Chickenpox and Hepatitis A.
The main sources through which pathogens spread are as follows.
Airborne pathogens will enter through mouth or nose as you breathe them in.
e.g influenza, tuberculosis, measles, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, and Legionnaires’ disease.
Pathogenic micro-organisms in food will enter through your mouth into your digestive system.
Hepatitis A virus
Pathogens can also enter through “vectors” directly into the bloodstream – through mosquitoes, fleas, ticks or contaminated needles, for example.
e.g. West Nile virus, Chikungunya, Dengue, Yellow fever, and Zika.
How do these pathogens spread?
- Pathogens can be spread or be transmitted by several routes.
- Sneezes, coughs and simple talking can spread droplets that transmit disease through mucous membranes of the eye mouth and nose.
- Direct contact with infected skin can contract diseases. for e.g. cold snores and AIDS.
- Indirect contact occurs when a person touches surfaces such as doorknobs, countertop, or faucet handle which is already touched by an infected person
- Creatures such as fleas, mites, and ticks called vectors can also transmit disease
What are the most common symptoms observed?
A viral fever is identified by a high fever which is often transferable -where the fever slows down for a little while and then shoots up once again.
Some of the other common symptoms of pathogenic diseases include extreme fatigue, malaise, and muscle aches along with chills.
Some of the other symptoms of diseases caused by bacteria include:
* Nasal congestion
* Skin rashes
These above symptoms with a very high fever is an indication of a viral fever soon hitting you up.
How can we prevent pathogens from entering our body?
As the famous proverb says-PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE,
the following steps shall act as guidelines to prohibit these pathogens entering our system. Personal hygiene will limit the possibility of these germs finding a way into your body.
1. Make sure your hands are always washed and clean
2. Avoid contact with the person who is sick
3. Vaccinations against diseases to avoid the spread of infection
4. Employees suffering from illness should cover their mouth and nose
5. Personal hygiene will limit the possibility of these germs finding a way into your body
6. Corporate companies should often start a health checkup drive for the employees. This will prevent the employees from contracting any disease
What provisions can the corporates provide?
1. Ensure cleanliness and food safety in the company premises
2. Provide extra leaves to the person infected and also provide financial help if needed
3. Corporate companies should start a health checkup drive often for the employees 4. Food, Air, and Water Testing should be done on a timely basis to ensure food safety, pure air and clean drinking water for the employees
This will prevent the employees from contracting any disease
Benefits to the corporate:
1. Low absenteeism rate shall be recorded in the companies
2. Efficient work from the employees
3. More the efficiency, more the productivity
4. The health checkup drives in the company will lead to employee satisfaction
Thus, its the need of the hour to take measures and implement them on regular basis to avoid all the consequences that come along because of viruses.
Also, every Corporate Company should undertake proper testing services so that pathogens can be identified soon and shall be prohibited from entering into our bodies.
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