Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is of a major concern to the businesses, building managers, and employees because it can impact the health, comfort, well being and productivity of building occupants. For each breath humans take, between 1 and 2 million particles which are deposited on the inside of the lungs and while the majority of those particles are relatively harmless, poor IAQ increases exposure to and the likelihood of sicknesses.
To keep a control on the IAQ and maintain its standards, HVAC systems play a major role in the office buildings.
So what does an HVAC system do exactly and how is it important for human health?
More than just the respiratory system of a building, an HVAC system is responsible for providing thermal comfort and satisfactory IAQ for its inhabitants.
In brief, the heating component is responsible for providing additional heat when outside air temperature falls below the balance point temperature of a building – the temperature at which a building is able to support thermal comfort without the need for a heating or cooling system.
Conversely, the cooling system of a building removes any excess heat produced when the outside air temperature exceeds the balance point temperature (ASHRAE, 2009). Ventilation is the process that aids in the replacement of air which, in addition to temperature control, can involve oxygen replenishment, moisture regulation and the control of numerous air-dependent factors.
In short, the ventilation system is the lungs of a building, and it is crucial for that system to be highly efficient in removing particulate matter from the environment.
For an HVAC system to function properly, however, it must have appropriately programmed and working thermostats, well-sealed ductwork, sufficient insulation, and most importantly, modern heating, cooling, and ventilation equipment. If a building’s HVAC system does not meet these criteria, both acute and chronic illnesses begin to surface.
The evidence certainly suggests that more advanced systems reduce health risks and potentially increase work efficiency. It is clear that continuous exposure to known hazardous substances raises the chances of acute and chronic illnesses.
To maintain the standards Of IAQ at the premises the Facility Managers should practice the below steps:
- Do not block air vents or grilles
- Comply with the office and building smoking policy
- Water and maintain office plants properly
- Dispose of garbage promptly and properly
- Store food properly
- Avoid bringing products into the building that could release harmful or bothersome odors or contaminants
- Notify your building or facility manager immediately if you suspect an indoor air quality problem
Additionally, the current technology of HVAC systems allows for components to remain in functioning use for during of a building’s lifespan. The health and safety of occupants (Employees) are paramount to the success of Organizations, both at work and research level. It is the responsibility of every Corporate Company to ensure its inhabitants are occupying buildings conducive to productivity.
To know more about IAQ and its consequences or if you have any queries, we are just a call away.
For Mobile Users: Click Here
For Desktop Users: Click Here